Science and Technology International Group FZE.
STIG was founded for providing exceptional health awareness consultancy and education for health care projects, institutions and individuals.
Over the past several years, the purpose has expanded to promote education, specialization, and scientific research in health awareness consultancy to include screening for cancer as well as other prevention and protection measures for preventable and some occupational diseases.
What is cancer screening?
Cancer screening is meant for healthy people with no symptoms at all. Screening looks for early signs that could indicate cancer is developing. It can help spot cancers at an early stage, when treatment is more likely to be successful and the chances of survival are much better. In some cases, it can even prevent cancers from developing at all, by picking up early changes that can then be treated to stop them turning into cancer. Cervical screening is the best example of this.
We use our health expertise to let you know about any potential future health risks and we support you in a variety of ways following your assessment to help you make changes to your lifestyle that will improve your health and wellbeing both short and long term.
Our health is affected by a wide variety of factors, from the genes that we inherit from our parents to the climate we live in and the work we do.
But there is a growing body of scientific evidence that shows our lifestyles play a huge part in how healthy we are.
From what we eat and drink, to how much exercise we take, and whether we smoke or take drugs, all will affect our health, not only in terms of life expectancy, but how long we can expect to live without experiencing chronic disease.
STOP SMOKING CAMPAIGN
What is in a cigarette and why is it so harmful?
Cigarettes contain more than 4,000 chemicals. These include substances such as tar, arsenic, formaldehyde, hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides and ammonia. The addictive part of a cigarette is nicotine but this isn’t the substance which causes the most health problems. It is the other 4,000 chemicals, along with a gas called carbon monoxide which cause the most harm.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colourless, odourless gas which is produced when anything is burned. It is found in cigarette smoke, meaning people who smoke have higher levels of CO in their bloodstream, causing their oxygen levels to reduce. This can leave their tissues and organs oxygen deprived. It also means people’s hearts have to work harder to pump the blood around their bodies. Over time, CO can also make people’s blood become a bit thicker and stickier, increasing your risk of stroke. However, the good news is that CO only takes 24 hours to be removed from your body after stopping smoking!
GET ACTIVE CAMPAIGN
Most of us know that we should be active, more often. Leading an active lifestyle is one of the best ways that we can help to prevent obesity, and to reduce the risk of developing common health problems like heart attack, stroke and cancer.
Combined with a healthy diet, being more physically active also improves the way that we look and feel, and boosts our self-esteem. Yet only one in five of us actually take enough exercise each day – proof that getting active is not always easy.
But it’s never too late to start - by slowly building more activity into our daily routines, it is possible to change the habits of a lifetime.
HEALTHY EATING CAMPAIGN
Healthy Eating Campaign Our bodies are complex, and we need enough fuel and nutrients to carry out a huge variety of functions everyday – from fighting infection to repairing everyday wear and tear. Good nutrition is vital for health and well-being.
A poor diet can contribute to obesity, malnutrition, diabetes, cancer, stroke and heart disease. The World Health Organization has identified an unhealthy diet as one of the leading global risks to health.
We tend to eat too much of the foods that are less healthy, such as sugary drinks and processed foods that are high in saturated fat or salt. Most of us know that eating five portions of fruit and vegetables a day is good for our health, but we don’t always manage to achieve this
Ovarian Cancer Genetic Testing
Ovarian Cancer Genetic Testing is a genetic test which examines the DNA code for 9 genes known to cause an increased risk of ovarian cancer. It is performed on a saliva sample and if possible it is always more informative to test a relative who has had ovarian cancer.
Prostate Cancer Genetic Testing
What is hereditary Prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men. Unfortunately, 1 in 8 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, with 75% being diagnosed over the age of 65. This means that men have a 12.5% lifetime risk of prostate cancer. The majority of prostate cancer occurs by chance however approximately 5-9% of prostate cancer is estimated to be hereditary. Prostate cancer is very common in older men, is frequently slow growing and even untreated would often not shorten a man’s life. However, in some men prostate cancer is more aggressive and develops faster, in these situations early diagnosis and treatment will save lives. In some families, with hereditary prostate cancer, it may be possible to find the genetic change (mutation) which is responsible for the cancers thereby allowing appropriate cancer screening. In general, men with 1 first degree relative (father or brother) have twice the risk of prostate cancer, while men with 2 first degree relatives have 5 times the risk compared to the general population.
Lung Cancer Prevention
At least 80% of all lung cancer deaths are thought to result from smoking, and this number is probably even higher for small cell lung cancer.
High-risk individuals are ideal candidates for this test and fall into the following categories:
- Long-term smokers and ex-smokers (20 pack years or more) typically between the ages of 50 and 75 years old
- 45-49-year-old individuals with 20-45 pack year history and 2 additional risk factors (see below)
- 45-49-year-old smokers/ex-smokers with > 45 pack year history and one additional risk factor (see below)
- 40-44-year-old smokers/ex-smokers with >45 pack year history and two additional risk factors (see below)
- Patients with indeterminate pulmonary nodules
Genetic cancer risk assessment
Approximately 5-10% of all cancer is due to a genetic fault (mutation) which can be inherited through a family. Families with an inherited mutation may benefit from a genetic cancer risk assessment, increased cancer screening and/or risk reducing strategies.
Families with an increased genetic cancer risk often show one of the following clues:
- Several relatives with the same type of cancer
- Relatives diagnosed at particularly young ages (usually before age 50)
- Several affected generations
- Individuals who have been diagnosed with multiple cancers
Hereditary Breast Cancer
In the general population approximately 1 in 8 or 12.5% of women will develop breast cancer. There are several factors which determine a woman’s risk of breast cancer which include: hormonal factors, age, lifestyle choices, family history, and inherited genetic mutations. By assessing these factors it is possible to estimate whether a woman has an increased risk of breast cancer. Women with an estimated lifetime risk of breast cancer over 17% have an increased risk of breast cancer and are usually offered increased breast screening.
Lynch syndrome and colorectal cancer
Lynch syndrome, also known as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is a rare genetic condition that runs in families and increases the risk of developing bowel cancer and other cancers. It is the most common cause of hereditary bowel cancers and accounts for between 2-5% of all bowel cancers. Between 70-90 percent of people with Lynch syndrome will develop bowel cancer and the average age of developing bowel cancer is much lower (below 50).
Hereditary Bowel Cancer
is a genetic test for bowel cancer which examines the DNA code for 12 genes known to cause an increased risk of bowel cancer. It is performed on a blood sample and if possible it is always more informative to test a relative who has had bowel cancer.
What is hereditary bowel cancer?
Bowel cancer (also known as colorectal cancer) is the fourth most common cancer in the UK. Unfortunately 1 in 19 women and 1 in 14 men will develop bowel cancer during their lifetime, with most being diagnosed after the age of 50. This means that in the general population men have a 7% lifetime risk of developing bowel cancer and women have a 5% risk. Most bowel cancer occurs by chance, however 2-5% of bowel cancer is inherited and up to 30% is familial. In some families’ stomach, womb (endometrial or uterine) and ovarian cancer can also be genetically related to bowel cancer. In families where bowel cancer is hereditary it may be possible to find the genetic change (mutation) which is responsible for the cancers. This allows appropriate cancer screening and risk-reducing options to be offered to the family.
BRCA1 & BRCA2
Individuals or families with a history of breast or ovarian cancer may want to consider BRCA1 & BRCA2 genetic testing to understand the risk of hereditary breast cancer and hereditary ovarian cancer, and help decide what risk reducing measures to consider.
What is hereditary breast cancer?
Cancer is unfortunately very common, with 1 in 2 people developing cancer at some point in their lifetime. Breast cancer occurs in 1 in 8 women; with 80% being diagnosed after age 50; while ovarian cancer occurs in about 1 in 75 women.. Men can also develop breast cancer although this is rarer, accounting for only 1% of all breast cancer. Most breast cancer occurs by chance however about 5-10% is inherited. When breast cancer is inherited it may be caused by a mutation (fault) in one of the breast/ovarian cancer genes, known as BRCA 1&BRCA2, or in a different breast cancer associated gene.
Genetic counselling services
Genetic counselling is the process through which knowledge about the genetic aspects of illnesses is shared by trained professionals with those who are at an increased risk or either having a heritable disorder or of passing it on to their unborn offspring. A genetic counsellor provides information on the inheritance of illnesses and their recurrence risks; addresses the concerns of patients, their families, and their health care providers; and supports patients and their families dealing with these illnesses . The Heredity Clinic was the first genetic counselling service centre established in 1940 at the University of Michigan, USA. Since then the many such centres have been opened around the world.
Skin Cancer Prevention
Skin Cancer is a largely preventable disease, but the number of cases has more than quadrupled in the worldwide over the last thirty years. Practising sun safety and regularly checking for signs of skin cancer can help reduce the risk of skin cancer and detect problems early.
Over the last 35 years malignant melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer, has seen the largest increase in incidence rates of all major cancers.
QIAGEN Gene Reader®
- The world’s first truly complete NGS workflow: Rely on one partner to provide a seamlessly integrated workflow offering ease of use and efficiency from Sample to Insight.
- Actionable insights: Create relevant reports using proven gene panels and bioinformatics.
- Flexibility to fit your needs: Scalable batch sizes and continuous loading of multiple flow cells enable you to adapt and scale the GeneReader®NGS System to match your needs and grow.
- Guaranteed results with predictable costs: Innovative commercial models such as price-per-insight options offer better cost management and low initial investment hurdles.
- Proven expertise and service for our customers: Our teams at are ready to support you in efficiently implementing, validating and operating GeneReader® in your lab.
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